Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

NOFL

Code 6

COLAUR

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Northern Flicker has a large range, estimated globally at 15,000,000 square kilometers. Native to North and Central America and nearby island nations, this bird prefers forest ecosystems, though it can live on arable or pasture land or in urban areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 16,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of significant decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Northern Flicker is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Northern Flicker: Medium woodpecker, black-barred brown back, white rump, black tail. Underparts are black-spotted pale brown with black crescent on breast. Face is gray with brown crown and forehead. Legs and feet are gray. There is a Red-shafted (shown here) and a Yellow-shafted race.


Range and Habitat

Northern Flicker: This species breeds from Alaska east through Manitoba to Newfoundland and south throughout the U.S. and into Mexico and Cuba. It is a resident from approximately the U.S.-Canada border southward, as the northernmost birds are migratory. Preferred habitats include forest edges and open woodlands approaching savannas.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"flicker", "wicka-wicka-wicka", "kleeer"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Northern Flickers use a drumming technique to attract a mate. Unfortunately for many people, they often practice on the metal flues of fireplaces.
  • Hybrids between the red-shafted and yellow-shafted subspecies are common where populations overlap.
  • The yellow-shafted subspecies is the state bird of Alabama.
  • A group of flickers are collectively known as a "guttering", "menorah", and "Peterson" of flickers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Northern Flicker

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X