Lewis's Woodpecker

Melanerpes lewis

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

LEWO

Code 6

MELLEW

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Lewis's Woodpecker has a large range, estimated globally at 2,100,000 square kilometers. Native to North America, this bird prefers forest ecosystems though it can reside on arable land. The global population of this bird has not been exactly determined but does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of Lewis's Woodpecker is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Lewis's Woodpecker: Medium woodpecker with dark green-black upperparts and hood. Face is dark red, collar is gray, belly is pale red. The bill, legs and feet are black. It was named for Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition. Its dark plumage sets it apart from all other North American woodpeckers.


Range and Habitat

Lewis's Woodpecker: Breeds from southern British Columbia and Alberta south to central California, northern Arizona, and northern New Mexico. Spends winters from Oregon south to northern Baja California, and the southwest. Open pine-oak woodlands, oak, or cottonwood groves in grasslands, and ponderosa pine country are preferred habitats.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chee-up", "ick-ick-ick"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Lewis’s Woodpecker was named for Meriwether Lewis, one of the explorers who surveyed the areas bought by the USA in the Louisiana Purchase.
  • It seldom excavates wood for boring insects. Instead, it gleans insects from the tree surface, or most commonly, flycatches.
  • This species is poorly monitored in many parts of its range, but exhibits a significant long-term decline overall. Populations may have declined by as much as 50 % since 1966.
  • A group of woodpeckers has many collective nouns, including a "descent", "drumming", and "gatling" of woodpeckers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Lewis's Woodpecker

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X