Northern Hawk Owl

Surnia ulula

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

True Owls (Strigidae)

Code 4

NHOW

Code 6

SURULU

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Northern Hawk Owl has a large range, estimated globally at 10,000,000 square kilometers. Native to Europe, Asia, and North America, this bird prefers grassland, wetland, forest, and shrubland ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 130,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Northern Hawk Owl is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Northern Hawk Owl: Medium-sized, slender owl with white-spotted brown upperparts and brown-barred white underparts. The gray facial disk is partially bordered by a thick, brown stripe that extends to the upper breast; lacks ear tufts. Wings are long and relatively pointed. Tail is long and rounded.


Range and Habitat

Northern Hawk Owl: This species is a year-round resident across central and northern Canada and central and eastern Alaska. During winter months, there is some southward movement to the northernmost states from northeast Washington to Maine. This owl prefers edges of burns, open areas cleared by lumbering, and sparse woodlands.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"hoo-hoo-hoo-hoo", "killy-killy-killy-killy"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Northern Hawk Owl is also known as the Canadian Owl and Hudsonian Hawk Owl.
  • Their feathers are stiff, unlike those of nocturnal owl species. This means their flight is not completely silent.
  • They have little fear of humans, and will attack if their young are approached too closely.
  • A group of owls has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "glaring", "parliament", "stooping", and "wisdom" of owls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Northern Hawk Owl

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X