Gila Woodpecker

Melanerpes uropygialis

Order

PICIFORMES

Family

Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Code 4

GIWO

Code 6

MELURO

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Gila Woodpecker is considered to be Least Concern at this time. This rating has been granted as a result of the stable population and large range of the Gila Woodpecker. The previous rating of this bird was Lower Risk in 2000. The Gila Woodpecker is native to the United States and Mexico. The population of this bird species is believed to exceed 3 million individual birds. There are no known dangers or threats to the Gila Woodpecker at this time which might endanger the population of this bird species.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Gila Woodpecker: Medium woodpecker, black-and-white barred upperparts and central tail feathers, buff-gray neck and underparts. Buff-gray head has a small red cap. Wings have large white patches visible in flight. Its abandoned nesting and roost holes provide shelter for birds, mammals and reptiles.


Range and Habitat

Gila Woodpecker: This species is a resident in southeastern California, extreme southern Nevada, southern Arizona, extreme southwestern New Mexico, northwestern and coastal Mexico and Baja California. Its preferred habitats include low desert scrub with saguaro or mesquite trees, which they use for nesting.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"churrrrrrr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • When a pair of Gila Woodpeckers excavates a nest hole in a saguaro cactus, it typically does not use it for several months. Drying time is required for the inner pulp of the cactus to form a solid casing around the cavity.
  • The male forages mainly on the trunk and main branches of saguaro cacti, while the female concentrates on the periphery and diseased areas.
  • A group of woodpeckers has many collective nouns, including a "descent", "drumming", and "gatling" of woodpeckers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Gila Woodpecker

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X