Allen's Hummingbird

Selasphorus sasin

Order

APODIFORMES

Family

Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Code 4

ALHU

Code 6

SELSAS

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Allen's Hummingbird has a fairly small breeding range of 31,400 square kilometers that includes coastal scrub habitats in Oregon and California. It winters in a small area of central Mexico at forest edge and shrubby areas with many flowering plants. This species has also wandered far from its regular range and has shown up in the eastern United States and Canada. Although this species is believed to have greatly declined since the 1960s, its estimated breeding population of 700,000 is still believed to be large enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Allen's Hummingbird: Small, compact hummingbird; male has straight black bill, glittering green crown and back, white breast, and rufous sides, belly, rump, and tail. The throat (gorget) is iridescent copper-red. Female similar but lacks bright gorget. Feeds on nectar, insects, spiders, and sap. Swift direct flight, hovers when feeding.

 

Range and Habitat

Allen's Hummingbird: Breeds along the Pacific coast from southern Oregon to southern California. Resident in extreme southern California; winters from southern California and Arizona to central Mexico and sometimes can be found along the Gulf Coast states. Preferred habitats include coastal chaparral, brushlands, and edges of redwood forests.

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SONGS AND CALLS

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The iBird apps are priced from free to $9.99 and are available for these platforms:

APPLE PHONE OR TABLET

iBird Ultimate Guide to Birds of North America
iBird Pro Guide to Birds of North America

ANDROID PHONE OR TABLET

iBird Pro Guide to Birds of North America


Voice Text

"zeeee chuppity-chup"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The courtship flight of the male Allen's Hummingbird is a back and forth arc of about 25 feet, similar to the motion of a swinging pendulum, followed by a high-speed dive from about 100 feet.
  • They are aggressive in defending nesting territory from other hummers, and have been known to attack and rout birds several times larger than themselves.
  • A group of hummingbirds has many collective nouns, including a “bouquet", "glittering", "hover", "shimmer", and "tune” of hummingbirds.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
GorgetX
A small iridescent patch on the throat of a hummingbird.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X