Pigeon Guillemot

Cepphus columba

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Auks, Murres and Puffins (Alcidae)

Code 4

PIGU

Code 6

CEPCOL

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Pigeon Guillemot has a vast range, reaching between 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found in Canada, the United States, Mexico, Japan and the Russian Federation. It prefers a marine environment and can be found in tide pools, rocky shoreline, sea cliffs and freshwater bodies as well. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 470,000 individual birds. It is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Pigeon Guillemot have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Pigeon Guillemot: Medium-sized seabird with black body and large white wing patches interrupted by black bars. Wings are paler below. Bill is black, pointed, and long. Legs and feet are bright red. Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and marine worms. Strong swift direct flight low over water.


Range and Habitat

Pigeon Guillemot: Are distributed in sub-tidal and intertidal marine habitats, and on rocky shores from the Russian Pacific coast, to Alaska and down through California. The widest distribution is in the northwestern part of the North American continent. Santa Barbara Island is at the southern edge of their range. Adults are present from February to late August on the Channel Islands.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"peeee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Pigeon Guillemot often scales vertical rock faces by vigorous flapping of its wings combined with the use of the sharp claws on its webbed feet.
  • Because they feed their chicks constantly throughout the day, the chicks fledge faster than equivalent sized auks that are only fed at night
  • It is one of the few members of the auk and puffin family to lay two eggs. Nearly all others lay only one egg.
  • A group of guillemots are collectively known as a "bazaar" and a "loomery" of guillemots.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Pigeon Guillemot

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X