Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

MODO

Code 6

ZENMAC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Mourning Dove has a large range, estimated globally at 11,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers wetland, forest and shrubland ecosystems though it can reside on arable land or in rural and urban areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 130,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Mourning Dove is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Mourning Dove: This medium-sized dove has gray-brown upperparts and pink-brown underparts. The eyes are dark with a small black spot beneath. It has a dark bill, gray-brown wings with black spots and dark primaries. The tail is long and pointed, with black-edged white tips on outer feathers. Mostly feeds on seeds. Swift direct flight. Sexes are similar, but the male is slightly larger.

 

Range and Habitat

Mourning Dove: Breeds from southeastern Alaska, southern Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick southward to Mexico, Panama, and the West Indies. Spends winters from the northern U.S. through southern Mexico. Its preferred habitats include open fields, parks, and lawns with many trees and shrubs.

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Mourning Dove SONGS AND CALLS

Mourning Dove A1

Wing whistles as a bird takes flight.

Mourning Dove C1

Song is a low, mournful "coo-ah, coo, coo, coo".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Coo-ah, coo-coo-coo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Both males and females secrete a substance from their crop that is high in protein and fat. Called crop milk or pigeon milk, it resembles and smells like cottage cheese and is fed to young birds.
  • It is a game bird; and in many states, habitat is created with the specific purpose to hunt birds.
  • The oldest documented wild Mourning Dove was 19.3 years old. The average lifespan of wild birds is 1.5 years.
  • A group of doves has many collective nouns, including a "bevy", "cote", "dole", "dule", and "flight" of doves.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X