Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

MODO

Code 6

ZENMAC

ITIS

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Breeding Location:

Forest edge, Open landscapes, Grassland with scattered trees, Bushes, shrubs, and thickets, Desert, semi



Breeding Type:

Monogamous



Breeding Population:

Increasing



Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Material:

Flimsy platform of twigs.



Migration:

Some migrate



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General

Mourning Dove: Medium-sized dove with gray-brown upperparts and pink-brown underparts. Eyes are dark with a small, black spot beneath. Bill is dark. Wings are gray-brown with black spots and dark primaries. Tail is long and pointed with black-edged white tips on outer feathers. Male has a pale blue tinted crown and a pink washed chest, shows some iridescence on neck. Female is duller. Juvenile has heavy spotting and scaled effect on wings.

Range and Habitat

Mourning Dove: Breeds from southeastern Alaska, southern Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick southward to Mexico, Panama, and the West Indies. Spends winters from the northern U.S. through southern Mexico. Its preferred habitats include open fields, parks, and lawns with many trees and shrubs.

Breeding and Nesting

Mourning Dove: Two white eggs are laid in a loosely made nest made of sticks and twigs built in a low bush or tree, or sometimes on the ground. Eggs are incubated for 14 days by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Mourning Dove: Eats seeds, waste grain, fruits, and insects. Usually forages on the ground, but occasionally in trees and shrubs.

Readily Eats

Cracked Corn, Sunflower Seed, Nuts, Milo, Thistle

Vocalization

Mourning Dove: Emits a low, mournful "coo-ah, coo, coo, coo."

Similar Species

Mourning Dove: Eurasian-collared Dove has a long, rounded neck and a black collar. White-winged Dove has large white wing patches and shorter, squared tail.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
PrimariesX
The primaries are the flight feathers specialized for flight. They are attached to the "hand" equivalent part of the wing.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X