Band-tailed Pigeon

Patagioenas fasciata

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

BTPI

Code 6

PATFAS

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Band-tailed Pigeon has a very large range that includes coniferous, oak, and montane tropical forests in southwestern Canada and the western United States south to northern Argentina. Although this species declined in many areas of its range because of severe hunting pressure, wildlife management and protection have helped increase and stabilize this species, especially because of the Federal Migratory Game Bird Act passed in 1918. The Band-tailed Pigeon has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Band-tailed Pigeon: Large dove, small, purple-gray head and broad neck with distinctive, thin white band on nape. Back and wings are purple-gray, underparts grade from purple-gray neck and breast to white belly. Tail is pale gray, dark band at base. Bill, legs,feet are yellow. Swift direct flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Band-tailed Pigeon: Found in Colorado, belongs to the Four Corners population ranging across parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Mexico. There is also a population of band-tails along western Mexico, California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia referred to as the Pacific Coast population. Preferred habitats include coniferous and mixed forests.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"oo-woo or whoo-oo-whoo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Band-tailed Pigeon is the largest in North America.
  • In June, and again in the late summer, they congregate at mineral springs where they ingest salts. Unlike most birds, including other pigeons, they are able to drink without raising their head.
  • The parasitic louse Columbicola extinctus, believed to have become extinct with the extinction of the Passenger Pigeon, was recently rediscovered on the Band-tailed Pigeon.
  • A group of pigeons has many collective nouns, including a "band", "dropping", "loft", "passel" and "school" of pigeons.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X