Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos




Mockingbirds and Thrashers (Mimidae)

Code 4


Code 6



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Egg Color:

Blue green with brown splotches.

Number of Eggs:

2 - 6

Incubation Days:

12 - 13

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

Nest is 3 to10 feet above ground.

Nest Material:

Sticks, stems, bits of fabric, and string.





Northern Mockingbird: Medium-sized mockingbird with gray upperparts, paler gray underparts and faint eye line; chin and throat are white; gray-brown sub-malar streaks; upper wing coverts are tipped white; wings are gray-black with two white bars and large white patches visible when spread. Tail is long, gray and edged with white; yellow iris; black bill; gray legs. Sexes are similar. Male is heavier than female. Juvenile has dark eye and streaked underparts; legs are pale gray; iris is gray.

Range and Habitat

Northern Mockingbird: Breeds from northern California, southern Nebraska, southern Ontario, and Maritime Canada southward to southern Mexico and the West Indies. Spends winters in the southern parts of its range. Found in residential areas, city parks, farmlands, open country with thickets, and desert brush.

Breeding and Nesting

Northern Mockingbird: These birds are generally monogamous, staying together for the length of the breeding season or occasionally for life. Two to six blue green eggs with brown splotches are laid in a bulky cup nest made of sticks and weed stems, built in a bush or low tree. Incubation ranges from 12 to 13 days, and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Northern Mockingbird: These mockingbirds are omnivorous. Their diet consists of insects, crustaceans and a wide variety of arthropods, especially beetles, ants, bees, wasps and grasshoppers. They also eat fruits and earthworms. Occasionally they eat small lizards and flowers. They prefer short grass or nearly bare substrate when foraging on the ground.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed, Nuts


Northern Mockingbird: Song is a long series of musical and grating phrases, each repeated 3 or more times. Often imitates other birds and regularly sings at night. Call is a harsh "chack."

Similar Species

Northern Mockingbird: Shrikes have black masks and thicker bills. Sage Thrasher lacks white wing patches and has darker, more extensive spotting below. Bahama Mockingbird has streaked flanks and lacks wing patches.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
The area of the face just below the bill.
Wing covertsX
The feathers that cover and protect the flight feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X