Wilson's Warbler

Cardellina pusilla

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

WIWA

Code 6

CARPUS

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Wilson's Warbler has a significantly large range reaching up to about 7.9 million square kilometers. This bird is found throughout North America and also in Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Turks and Caicos Islands. This species has a habitat which is quite varied and it can be found in temperate, tropical and subtropical forests, shrublands and grasslands as well as some subarctic shrublands, inland wetlands including bogs and swamps, arable regions, pasturelands, plantations and even some rural gardens. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 36 million individual birds. Currently, it is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Wilson's Warbler have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Wilson's Warbler: Small warbler with olive-green upperparts, bright yellow face and underparts, distinct black cap. It has a long, olive-brown tail which it moves up and down, or in a circular fashion, as it searches for food. It is more common in the West than in the East. Legs and feet are pink.

 

Range and Habitat

Wilson's Warbler: Breeds from Alaska eastward to Newfoundland, Ontario and Nova Scotia, and south along the west coast to southern California. Spends winters from extreme southern California and the Gulf Coast south into Mexico. Preferred habitats include moist thickets in woodlands and along streams as well as alder, willow thickets, and bogs.

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Wilson's Warbler SONGS AND CALLS

Wilson's Warbler A1

Call is a repeated "chip".

Wilson's Warbler A2

Song is a repeated "chee-chee-chee-chee".

Similar Sounding

Orange-crowned Warbler A1

Typical song is a high-pitched trill, usually ending on a falling or rising note.

Swamp Sparrow C2

Song is a rapidly trilled "weet-weet-weet".


Voice Text

"chip-chip-chip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Wilson's Warbler was first described in 1811 by the American ornithologist Alexander Wilson, who gave his own name to the species.
  • It is easy to observe this common warbler, which has little fear of humans, because it searches the outsides of leafy branches, often catching flying insects on the wing like a flycatcher.
  • It is found in a large diversity of environments in the winter. It is the only migrant warbler regularly found in tropical high plains.
  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Imran Kahn

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X