Hutton's Vireo

Vireo huttoni

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Vireos (Vireonidae)

Code 4

HUVI

Code 6

VIRHUT

ITIS

Egg Color:

White, usually with brown spots at large end



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Both sexes



Nest Location:

7 - 35 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Mosses, grasses, and lichen, bound with spider web and cocoon material.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Hutton's Vireo: Small vireo with olive-gray upperparts and yellow underparts. Eye ring is white and broken above eye. Undertail coverts are white. Wings are dark with two white bars. Sexes are similar.

Range and Habitat

Hutton's Vireo: Resident in southwestern British Columbia south to southern California, central Arizona, southwestern New Mexico, and western Texas. Also found throughout inland Mexico. Preferred habitats include deciduous and mixed forests, primarily oak woodlands; also, live-oak tangles in canyons of the southwest.

Breeding and Nesting

Hutton's Vireo: Three to five white eggs, usually with brown spots at larger end, are laid in a hanging cup nest, lined with feathers and moss, and suspended from a shrub or young tree. Eggs are incubated for approximately 14 days by both parents.

Foraging and Feeding

Hutton's Vireo: Diet consists mostly of insects, spiders, and small berries. Gleans food from foliage and small twigs, and occasionally hawks flying insects.

Vocalization

Hutton's Vireo: Song is composed of loud, short whistles and chatter and a monotonous two-part phrase, either up-slurred or down-slurred "chu-whe, chu-wee" or "che-eer, che-eer." Call is a harsh "chit-chit."

Similar Species

Hutton's Vireo: Ruby-crowned Kinglet is smaller with a much thinner bill and is dark below the lower wingbar.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X