Western Bluebird

Sialia mexicana

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Thrushes (Turdidae)

Code 4

WEBL

Code 6

SIAMEX

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Western Bluebird is a small thrush found in western North America outside of the desert. This species prefers habitats which include semi-open country. In winter months, the Western Bluebird migrates to southern parts of its normal range; however southern populations will remain permanent residents. Nests are built in nestboxes or tree cavities, competing with Tree Swallows, House Sparrows and European Starlings. This bird catches its food by waiting on a perch and swooping to eat mainly insects. Some insects are caught in-flight, and this bird will also eat berries. The conservation rating for this species is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Western Bluebird: Small thrush with deep blue hood and upperparts, crescent mark across upper back, red-brown breast, and white belly. Bill, legs and feet are black. Populations are declining due to competition for nest sites with European Starlings, Tree Swallows and House Sparrows.


Range and Habitat

Western Bluebird: Breeds from British Columbia and western Alberta south to Baja, east throughout the mountains of the west to eastern New Mexico. Spends winters throughout most of its breeding range, although northernmost populations withdraw southward. Preferred habitats include open woodlands and pastures where old trees provide nest sites.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"kew-kew-kew-kew-kew"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Western Bluebirds have suffered from competition for nest sites from European Starlings and House Sparrows.
  • Swallows have been seen feeding and defending the nests of Western Bluebirds.
  • According to genetic studies, 45% of Western Bluebirds' nests carried young that were not offspring of the defending male.
  • A group of thrushes are collectively known as a "hermitage" and a "mutation" of thrushes.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Western Bluebird

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X