Boreal Owl

Aegolius funereus

Order

STRIGIFORMES

Family

Barn Owls and Typical Owls (Tytonidae and Strigidae)

Code 4

BOOW

Code 6

AEGFUN

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Boreal Owl has a large range, estimated globally at 10,000,000 square kilometers. It is primarily found in North America, Europe and Asia. It is a terrestrial bird that lives in forest habitats that are boreal, subarctic, or temperate. The bird has an estimated global population of 220,000 individuals. There is evidence of changes in population, but not in a manner that approaches the thresholds for population decline that would necessitate its inclusion to the IUCN Red List. Because of current population trends, the Boreal Owl currently has an evaluation level of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Boreal Owl: Medium owl, white-spotted, brown upperparts and thick brown-streaked, white underparts. Head is black with numerous small white spots, facial disks bordered with black, eyes are yellow-orange. Short flights have rapid wingbeats, longer ones are bouyant with shallow, silent wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Boreal Owl: Found in forests of Canada and Alaska and upper-elevation mixed conifer forests of the western United States. Also found in Eurasia. Prefers mixed coniferous forest for breeding, especially spruce or fir mixed with aspen or birch, and old-growth forests with woodpecker cavities for nesting.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"ting, ting, ting, ting"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Boreal Owl is also known as Tengmalm's Owl, after the Swedish naturalist Peter Gustaf Tengmalm.
  • They are considered monogamous, though studies in Europe found that one male may mate with up to three females, and a female occasionally mates with two different males. This occurred most frequently when mice numbers were high.
  • This owl was featured in the film 'Out of Africa' as Karen Blixen's pet, although it is not native to Africa and was not the species of owl the real Karen Blixen kept.
  • A group of owls has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "glaring", "parliament", "stooping", and "wisdom" of owls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Boreal Owl

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X