Fox Sparrow

Passerella iliaca

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Emberizids (Emberizidae)

Code 4

FOSP

Code 6

PASILI

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Fox Sparrow is rated at this time as Least Concern. The rating of this bird was previously Lower Risk. That rating was downgraded to Least Concern in 2004 to reflect the population and the range of the Fox Sparrow. The population of the Fox Sparrow is thought to be around 16 million birds. This bird species is native to North America and the Caribbean. It is also sometimes seen in parts of Europe as well. There are no known threats facing the Fox Sparrow at this time.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Fox Sparrow: Large sparrow, varies from dark or gray-brown in the west, rufous in the east; upperparts may be so dark that back pattern is hard to see. Heavily streaked upperparts, converging at midbreast into a large, dark spot. Rust-brown tail. Bill has dark upper mandible, yellow lower mandible.


Range and Habitat

Fox Sparrow: Breeds from the Aleutians and mainland Alaska east to northern Quebec and Maritimes, and south to southern California and Colorado. Winters along the West Coast and the southwest to the Gulf and Mid-Atlantic states. Preferred habitats include thickets and edges of coniferous, mixed, or second-growth forests or chaparral.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"churrs", "chink"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Fox Sparrow is much larger than other sparrows.
  • Adults are known to perform a broken-wing display to lure potential threats away from the nest.
  • They scratch in leaves for insects and seeds and often make so much noise that they sound like a much larger animal.
  • A group of Fox Sparrows are collectively known as a "den", "flock", and "slyness" of sparrows.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Fox Sparrow

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X