Bewick's Wren

Thryomanes bewickii

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Code 4

BEWR

Code 6

THRBEW

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Bewick's Wren has a large range of 3,260,000 square kilometers. It occurs in dense brushy areas, scrub, and open woodlands in the western United States north to Washington and Wyoming, and east to Missouri. It also occurs in Baja California and in much of the Mexican highlands. Historically, this species also occurred in many areas of the eastern United States but may have disappeared from the east as second growth converted back into forest, and with the expansion of the House Wren, a species that competes with the Bewick's Wren over nest sites. The population of Bewick's Wren is thought to be around 6 million individual birds, and it has a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Bewick's Wren: Small wren with unstreaked, gray to red-brown upperparts and plain white underparts. White eyebrows are conspicuous. Tail is long and white-edged with dark bars. Bill is long and slightly decurved. Legs and feet are gray. Eastern populations are red-brown, Northwestern birds are more brown, and Western Interior birds are gray-brown. Eastern populations have seriously declined since the 1960s.

 

Range and Habitat

Bewick's Wren: Resident from British Columbia south to Baja California and east to Arkansas. Birds breeding further north and east migrate to the western Gulf Coast states for the winter. Preferred habitats include thickets, brush piles, hedgerows, open woodlands, and scrubby areas, often near streams.

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Bewick's Wren SONGS AND CALLS

Bewick's Wren C1

Call is a low "pit".

Bewick's Wren C2

Chattering "spzz-spzz-spzz" calls.

Similar Sounding

Song Sparrow A1

Song consists of buzzy and warbled notes.


Voice Text

"chip, chip, chip, de-da-ah, tee-dee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Bewick’s Wren was named by Audubon for Thomas Bewick, the English naturalist.
  • The male learns its song while still on the parents' territory. It learns songs of neighboring territorial males. The song repertoire developed before the first winter is retained for life.
  • The severe declines of this wren in the eastern United States coincided with range expansion of the House Wren. It is suspected that the House Wren was directly responsible for the decline.
  • A group of wrens has many collective nouns, including a "chime", "flight", "flock", and "herd" of wrens.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X