Glaucous Gull

Larus hyperboreus

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Code 4

GLGU

Code 6

LARHYP

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Glaucous Gull is rated as Least Concern. The range of this bird is large, reaching up to 10 million square kilometers. The population of the Glaucous Gull is estimated to be as many as 2 million individual birds. The population of this bird species is not believed to be currently approaching danger levels. This bird species is native to numerous countries in the world and is a visitor to many other countries. The prior rating of this bird was Lower Risk, but it was downgraded to Least Concern in 2004 due to its range and population.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Glaucous Gull: This large white gull has a pale gray back and yellow eyes. The bill is yellow with a red spot on the lower mandible. The wings are white-edged and white tipped; the legs and feet are pink. It is an active predator of seabird nesting colonies. Diet includes fish, insects and birds. It has slow steady wing beats and soars on thermals and updrafts. The sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Glaucous Gull: Breeds in Alaska and along coastal regions of northern Canada. Spends winters along the coast south to California (rarely) and North Carolina; rarely found in the Great Lakes and the Gulf coast. Preferred habitats include shores of lakes, rivers, and coast, as well as refuse dumps and sewage outflows.

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Glaucous Gull SONGS AND CALLS

Glaucous Gull A1

Calls from a large flock.

Glaucous Gull A2

"Keeyer" and other calls from a pair.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

Generally silent

INTERESTING FACTS

  • First- and second-year Glaucous Gulls appear to move farther southward than adults, and most individuals seen in the southern portion of the winter range are immatures.
  • It is an active predator at seabird nesting colonies. It will walk into colonies and take eggs and chicks left unprotected, and will fly above a foraging arctic fox or person disturbing the colony and take eggs and chicks that are exposed during the disturbance.
  • A group of gulls has many collective nouns, including a "flotilla", "gullery", "screech", "scavenging", and "squabble" of gulls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X