Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler

Setophaga coronata

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

YRWA

Code 6

SETCOR

ITIS

Egg Color:

White to creamy white with brown, red-brown, and gray markings.



Number of Eggs:

3 - 5



Incubation Days:

12 - 13



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

4 - 50 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Twigs, pine needles, moss and grasses lined with hair and feathers.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler: Medium-sized warbler with dark-streaked, blue-gray upperparts and bright yellow rump. Throat and belly are white, breast has white and black streaks or scalloping, and yellow patches on the sides. Head is gray with yellow crown, white crescent under eyes, white supercilium, black lores and cheeks, giving it a masked appearance. Wings are dark with two white bars. Tail is dark with white corners. Female is duller and browner, and has streaked sides and flanks. Juvenile resembles female but lacks yellow crown, breast patches, and and rump.

Range and Habitat

Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler: Breeds in coniferous forests from northern Alaska, northern Manitoba, central Quebec, and Newfoundland south and west to northern Minnesota and east to Michigan, New York, Massachusetts, and Maine. Also breeds in Pennsylvania and locally in northeastern West Virginia mountains. Spends winters from the southern part of its breeding range southward into the tropics. A highly adaptable bird found in a variety of habitats.

Breeding and Nesting

Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler: Three to five brown and gray marked, white to creamy white eggs are laid in a bulky nest made of twigs, rootlets, and grass, lined with hair and feathers, and usually built in a conifer. Incubation ranges from 12 to 13 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler: Feeds mainly on insects in the summer and on berries and fruits in the winter, particularly wax-coated berries of bayberries and wax myrtles; unique gastrointestinal traits allow it to subsist on this unusual food source.

Readily Eats

Suet, Sunflower Seed, Meal Worms, Fruit

Vocalization

Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler: Song is a trill or musical warble, "tuwee-tuwee-tuwee." Call is a metallic, sharp "chek" or "psit." Gives a clear "tsee" in flight.

Similar Species

Yellow-rumped (Myrtle) Warbler: Audubon's subspecies has a yellow throat, plain gray face, white upper and lower eye crescents, and lacks the white supercilium. Other warblers with yellow rumps have yellow underparts.

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
SuperciliumX
Also called the superciliary, it is the arch of feathers over the eye.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X