Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea

Order

PELECANIFORMES

Family

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets (Ardeidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

CHRRID

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Purple Heron has a very large range that includes scattered populations in western and southern Europe, many areas of sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar, and much of central, southern, and eastern Asia. This heron frequents large freshwater marshes with extensive reedbeds in Europe, and also uses mangroves, the edges of lakes and rivers, lagoons, and mudflats elsewhere. Although the Purple Heron has declined in some areas due to drainage of wetlands, it is believed to have a population large enough to not warrant its inclusion on the IUCN Red List and is therefore evaluated as Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Purple Heron: Large wading bird. Slender neck is tawny brown and white with a few blue-gray stripes. Black crown with long black plume, black line across face under eye. Back, wings, and tail blue-grey with gray-brown and russet on flanks and underparts. Bill, legs, and feet yellow with gray-black striping.

 

Range and Habitat

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Purple Heron SONGS AND CALLS

Purple Heron A1

Alarm call is a loud, repeated "quaarr".

Purple Heron F1

"Krack" flight calls.

Similar Sounding

Pacific Reef-Heron U1

Alarm call is a nasal "gwaaauh".


Voice Text

"quawk", "craak", "quarr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Striated Herons are vagrants to Palau. One was seen on Palau on May 3, 2005, but its origin was not clear.
  • These herons build their nests on a platform of sticks near the ground and close to water.
  • They occasionally drop a feather or leaf carefully on the water surface and use it as bait, waiting for a curious fish to come and investigate.
  • A group of herons has many collective nouns, including a "battery", "hedge", "pose", "rookery", and "scattering" of herons."

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X