Nicobar Pigeon

Caloenas nicobarica pelewensis

Order

COLUMBIFORMES

Family

Pigeons and Doves (Columbidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

CALNIC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Nicobar Pigeon has a fairly large breeding range of 476,000 square kilometers. This species occurs on small forested islands and coastal areas of southern Thailand, the Andaman Islands, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, New Guinea, islands in the Bismarck and Solomon Seas, and the Palau archipelago. It is scarce in most parts of its range and threatened by hunting, habitat destruction, and invasive predators at nesting sites. Although the global population of the Nicobar Pigeon is unknown, it is believed to be in decline and has been given a conservation rating of Near Threatened.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Nicobar Pigeon: Large, slate-gray pigeon with long, bronze-green hackles on neck and back. Wings are bronze-green, and head is white-gray with black-brown eyes. Wings are long and broad, and the medium-length bill is black-gray. Tail is short and white. Female is like male but smaller and with white eye. Juvenile is like male but has a dark tail.

 

Range and Habitat

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Nicobar Pigeon SONGS AND CALLS

Nicobar Pigeon RR1

Typically silent. Call is a low, mournful "whroo" or "ku-rrau".

Similar Sounding

Micronesian Imperial-Pigeon QQ2

Low, moaning "woo-OO-oo".


Voice Text

"ku-rrau"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Other common names for this species include Hackled Pigeon, White-tailed Pigeon, or Vulturine Pigeon. It is considered one of the most beautiful pigeon species.
  • The Nicobar Pigeon is the only surviving member of the Caloenas family, making it the closest living relative of the extinct Dodo.
  • This species has a prominent white tail when in flight. It's possible that this serves as a marker to help keep flocks together when flying at dusk or dawn.
  • A group of pigeons is collectively known as "band", a "dropping", a "flight", a "flock", a "kit", a "kitte", a "loft", a "passel", a "school" and a "stool" of pigeons.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X