Gray Heron

Ardea cinerea jouyi

Order

PELECANIFORMES

Family

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets (Ardeidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

CHAALE

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2018 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Gray Heron has a large range that includes most of Europe, a great deal of Asia, and much of Africa. Some northern populations are migratory and winter in southern Asia and Africa. This heron occurs in a variety of freshwater and brackish wetland habitats. Although it is hunted for food in some regions and persecuted in some areas for competition with the fishing industry, the Gray Heron is believed to have a large population that is not declining enough to be placed on the IUCN Red List. Thus, it has an evaluation status of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Gray Heron: Large wading bird, upperparts are pale gray to blue-gray, underparts are white. Large flight feathers are dark gray-blue. Head is white with a large blue-black eyebrow and long black crest. White neck and breast have black mottling along sides. Yellow legs and bill turn reddish during the breeding season.

 

Range and Habitat

whatbird search for your browser

Gray Heron SONGS AND CALLS

Gray Heron L1

Displaying bird on the nest calling and bill clapping.

Gray Heron P1

Typical "gwark" calls.

Similar Sounding

Pacific Reef-Heron U1

Alarm call is a nasal "gwaaauh".


Voice Text

"gwark", "kar-arnk"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Their habitat varies, but they prefer shallow water, whether it is salt, brackish, and fresh, standing or flowing water. They prefer areas with trees, but will occupy open areas as well.
  • They feed primarily on fish, but it may vary, due to season, habitat and the availability of fish.
  • They frequently re-use the previous seasons nest. More frequently though birds form new pairs and move to a new site.
  • A group of herons has many collective nouns, including a "battery", "hedge", "pose", "rookery", and "scattering" of herons.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X