Australian Pelican

Pelecanus conspicillatus

Order

PELECANIFORMES

Family

Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

PELCON

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Australian Pelican has a large breeding range of 5,370,000 square kilometers. This species breeds in much of Australia except for deserts in the center, north, and southwest. Some individuals winter in eastern Indonesia and New Guinea, with some reaching Palau. Although the global population of this species is unknown, it is believed to be large and stable enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Australian Pelican: Large, white pelican with white-gray on neck, and black on inner shoulder of wing, flight feathers, sides of lower back, and tail. Huge, very long, white-pink bill. Yellow eyering around black eye. Very long, broad wings. Rather short, black-gray legs and webbed feet. Sexes similar, juvenile has black-brown instead of black.

 

Range and Habitat

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Australian Pelican SONGS AND CALLS

Australian Pelican MM1

Call is low and belch-like.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"ah-ah-aarrha", "uh-uh-uhr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Australian Pelican is on record as having the longest bill of all living birds.
  • This species was initially described in 1824 by Dutch naturalist Coenraad Jacob Temminck. Its species name is from the Latin conspicere, meaning "to perceive."
  • While at their breeding site, they make belching and groaning sounds.
  • A group of pelicans is collectively known as a "brief", a "flock", a "pod", a "pouch", a "raft", a "scoop", and a "squadron" of pelicans.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X