Yellow Bittern

Ixobrychus sinensis

Order

PELECANIFORMES

Family

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets (Ardeidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

IXOSIN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Yellow Bittern has a large breeding range of 4,730,000 square kilometers. It inhabits marshes and other wetland habitats in parts of India, much of eastern China, Japan, southeastern Asia, the Philippines, and much of Indonesia. Birds that breed in eastern China and Japan winter in parts of Indonesia, New Guinea, and many islands in the western Pacific, including Palau. The global population of the Yellow Bittern is estimated to be 100,000 to 1,000,000 individuals, and is believed to be large and stable enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Yellow Bittern: Small heron with red-brown upperparts, black-gray crown, yellow-brown on sides of neck and shoulder of wing, and white underparts with yellow-brown streaks on throat. Fairly long, brown-yellow bill, black-gray on culmen. Long, broad wings with black flight feathers. Female and juvenile have streaked crown, neck, throat, and wings.

 

Range and Habitat

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Yellow Bittern SONGS AND CALLS

Yellow Bittern A1

"Kak-kak-kak" calls given as a bird takes flight.

Yellow Bittern E1

"Kaaaaak" calls as a bird is flushed.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"oo-oo-oo", "crrw-crrw"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Due to their tendency to skulk and their preference for reed beds, these bitterns can be difficult to see.
  • This species is the smallest of all bitterns.
  • Yellow Bitterns are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.
  • A group of bitterns is collectively known as a "dash", a "freeze", a "pint", a "pretense", a "sedge", a "sege", and a "siege" of bitterns.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
CulmenX
The uppermost central ridge of the upper mandible.
Flight feathersX
Located on the wing, and collectively called remiges (singular, remex). The long stiff feathers are subdivided into two major groups based on the location and are called primaries and secondaries.
ShoulderX
The short feathers overlying the median secondary coverts on the top of the wing. They are located near the back and can be seen as the “first row” of feathers on the birds wing. They are also called marginal coverts and lesser secondary coverts.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X