Rufous Night-Heron

Nycticorax caledonicus pelewensis

Order

PELECANIFORMES

Family

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets (Ardeidae)

Code 4

Non-AOU

Code 6

NYCCAL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Rufous Night-Heron has a large breeding range of 7,730,000 square kilometers. This common species occurs in a variety of wetland habitats in coastal Australia, New Guinea, Indonesia, the Philippines, and many islands in the south and western Pacific Ocean. Although the size of the global population is unknown, it is believed to be large and stable enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Rufous Night-Heron: Medium, stocky heron with black cap. Nape, back, wings, and tail are red-brown, paler red-brown on sides of neck and breast. Throat, flanks, belly, and vent are brown-gray. Medium-length, sharp, black bill with olive-gray base. Sexes similar. Juvenile gray-brown with white streaks, some spots on wings, more yellow on bill.

 

Range and Habitat

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Rufous Night-Heron SONGS AND CALLS

Rufous Night-Heron MM1

Calls include a loud "quok" and "wak-wak-wak" notes.

Similar Sounding

Black-crowned Night-Heron C1

Flight call is a noisy "kowak"or "kwok".


Voice Text

"wock", "quok", "rok", "wak-wak-wak-wak"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Rufous Night-Heron was first described in New Caledonia in 1789 by German naturalist J. F. Gmelin.
  • This species may also be known as the Nankeen Night Heron or Melabaob.
  • While this species is primarily nocturnal, they can sometimes be seen feeding during the day.
  • A group of herons has many collective nouns, including a "battery", "hedge", "pose", "rookery", and "scattering" of herons."

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP PALAU

About this Palau Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Palau islands.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
VentX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one single entrance/exit that suits both functions called the vent, cloaca or anus.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X