Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Kinglets (Regulidae)

Code 4

RCKI

Code 6

REGCAL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Creamy white splotched with brown or gray



Number of Eggs:

5 - 11



Incubation Days:

12 - 14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

2 - 100 feet above ground.



Nest Material:

Moss, lichen, down, twigs, and dead leaves, lined with finer material.



Migration:

Migratory



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General

Ruby-crowned Kinglet: Medium-sized kinglet with olive-green upperparts and olive-buff underparts. Head has inconspicuous tuft of red crown feathers and white eye rings. Wings are dark with two white bars. Tail is slightly notched and has white edges. Female lacks red crown.

Range and Habitat

Ruby-Crowned Kinglet: Breeds from Alaska east across Canada to Newfoundland, south to California and New Mexico, and to the Great Lakes region and northern New England in the east. Spends winters from southern British Columbia and California south to Mexico and across the southern tier of states to southern New England. Preferred habitats include coniferous and deciduous forests.

Breeding and Nesting

Ruby-Crowned Kinglet: Five to eleven creamy white eggs splotched with brown or gray are laid in a nest suspended from twigs below a sheltering and concealing horizontal branch. Incubation ranges from 12 to 14 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Ruby-Crowned Kinglet: Diet consists of insects, insect eggs, fruits, and seeds; forages by gleaning tree trunks, branches, and dense foliage.

Readily Eats

Suet

Vocalization

Ruby-Crowned Kinglet: Song is a series of high-pitched "tsee, tsee" notes, followed by several "tew" notes, followed by a three-note trill of "liberty-liberty-liberty." Calls include an emphatic "je-ditt" and "cack-cack."

Similar Species

Ruby-Crowned Kinglet: Golden-crowned Kinglet has a white stripe above the eye, orange crown patch (male), and paler underparts. Hutton's Vireo is larger, stockier, and has a stouter bill.

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X