Pygmy Nuthatch

Sitta pygmaea

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Code 4

PYNU

Code 6

SITPYG

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Pygmy Nuthatch has a large range, estimated globally at 2,000,000 square kilometers. Native to Canada, the United States, and Mexico, this bird prefers subarctic, subtropical, or tropical forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 2,300,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Pygmy Nuthatch is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Pygmy Nuthatch: Small nuthatch, blue-gray upperparts and pale yellow breast. Head has a dark gray-brown cap, pale spot on nape, and thick black eye-line; throat is white. Legs and feet are gray. Weak fluttering flight, alternates rapid wing beats with wings drawn to sides, usually of short duration.

 

Range and Habitat

Pygmy Nuthatch: Resident locally from southern British Columbia, south into the Pacific Northwest and into California, eastward to the Black Hills of South Dakota, and southward into central Mexico. Primary habitat consists of ponderosa pine forests with undergrowth of bunchgrass; also occurs in stands of other pines, Douglas firs, and western larch.

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Pygmy Nuthatch SONGS AND CALLS

Pygmy Nuthatch A1

Song is a high-pitched, repeated series of piping notes.

Pygmy Nuthatch C1

Single and double "deet, tideet" calls from a small flock.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"tee-dee, tee-dee", "wee-bee, wee-bee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Pygmy Nuthatch was first described in 1839 by Nicholas Aylward Vigors, the Irish zoologist and politician.
  • It is one of only two nuthatch species in the world known to have helpers at the nest. Offspring from previous years help their parents raise young.
  • No records exist of these birds roosting alone. They always huddle in a group, sometimes with more than 100 in a single cavity.
  • A group of nuthatches are collectively known as a "jar" of nuthatches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Imran Kahn

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X