Juniper Titmouse

Baeolophus ridgwayi




Titmice and Chickadees (Paridae)

Code 4


Code 6



Egg Color:

White, sometimes faintly marked with red brown

Number of Eggs:

3 - 9

Incubation Days:

14 - 16

Egg Incubator:


Nest Location:

In a natural cavity, abandoned woodpecker hole, or nest box.

Nest Material:

Lined with moss, grass, weeds, bark, feathers, and hair.





Juniper Titmouse: Small titmouse with gray upperparts, paler underparts, and plain gray, crested head. Tail is long and dark. Sexes are similar. Formerly considered a subspecies of the Plain Titmouse.

Range and Habitat

Juniper Titmouse: Resident in western and southwest U.S. from southern Idaho to Arizona and New Mexico. Found in open juniper woodlands, particularly during the breeding season. Considered a permanent resident throughout its normal range. May utilize other nearby woodland habitats outside of the breeding season.

Breeding and Nesting

Juniper Titmouse: Three to nine white eggs, sometimes faintly marked with red brown, are laid in a tree cavity, fence-post hole, or crevice. The nest is composed of grass, fur, and some feathers. Incubation ranges from 14 to 16 days and is carried out by the female.

Foraging and Feeding

Juniper Titmouse: Eats insects, berries, and seeds. Gleans insects from tree trunks, branches, and foliage; also forages on the ground. Often clings beneath limbs or cones to extract seeds.

Readily Eats

Suet, Nuts, Sunflower


Juniper Titmouse: Call is a raspy "tschick-adee." Song is a rolling series of notes sung on the same pitch.

Similar Species

Juniper Titmouse: Oak Titmouse is slightly smaller and is mousy gray-brown overall. Bridled Titmouse has darker gray upperparts, longer crest, and white face with black eyeline.


Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X