Maui Parrotbill

Pseudonestor xanthrophrys

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

MAPA

Code 6

PSEXAN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered

The Maui Parrotbill is a small to medium-sized songbird endemic to the Hawaiian island of Maui. Although it historically occurred at all elevations on Maui and Molokai, it is presently restricted to two or three small areas on the northeastern slope of Haleakala Mountain between 3,900 and 7,050 feet. It forages for larvae and insects by using its bill to open fruit and pry off bark and wood from small trees and shrubs. This species does not survive in non-native forest and is threatened by mosquito borne diseases, degradation of habitat by introduced ungulates, climate change, and competition and depredation by introduced species. Only 250 to 450 Maui Parrotbills are believed to exist. It is considered to be Critically Endangered by the IUCN.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Maui Parrotbill: This small to medium-sized songbird has a heavy curved upper mandible, white-pink lower mandible, yellow underparts and eyebrow, olive upperparts, medium-length wings and a short notched tail. Female is duller with a much smaller bill. Feeds mainly on the larvae and pupae of moths and on wood and fruit boring beetles. Direct, undulating flight with rapid wing beats.

 

Range and Habitat

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Maui Parrotbill SONGS AND CALLS

Maui Parrotbill D1

Call is a repeated "zeet".

Maui Parrotbill D2

Song is a series of descending "tuey" notes.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Wirdy,wirdy,wirdy,wirdy wurt wurt"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • After leaving the nest, young stay with parents for several months to learn how to forage.
  • The Maui Parrotbill's Hawaiian name of "Kiwikui" refers to the shape of the bird's bill and its secretive behavior.
  • The Waikamoi Preserve is the only accessible site where birder's might catch a glimpse of this rare species.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
EyebrowX
Also called the supercilicum or superciliary it is the arch of feathers over each eye.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Upper mandibleX
The upper part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X