Maui Alauahio

Paroreomyza montana

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

MAAL

Code 6

PARMON

ITIS

Egg Color:

White



Number of Eggs:

2



Incubation Days:

14



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

In leafy tree.



Nest Material:

Twigs and strips of vegetation.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Maui Alauahio: Small bright golden-yellow songbird with mostly yellow head and underparts, olive crown and upperparts; black loral spot; dark iris. Olive-gray edging to feathers on wing and tail; short, straight gray-black bill with buff lower mandible; legs are pinkish-brown. Medium length wings and medium length notched tail. Female has similar pattern, but is a much duller yellow than male; gray-green back extends to crown; some have pale single wing bar. Juvenile dull gray-green above, off-white below with no yellow; two cream wing bars.

Breeding and Nesting

Maui Alauahio: These birds nest during April and May. The female chooses the nest site. Two eggs are laid in cup-shaped nest built in leafy branches of a tree. The female incubates the eggs. Fledglings are fed for two to three months. The young remain with their parents in family groups for 18 to 20 months.

Foraging and Feeding

Maui Alauahio: Their diet includes moths and beetle larvae, spiders, adult moths, ichneumonid wasps, lacewings, selected fruit boring larvae, leaf hoppers, and at times some nectar. Generally, they swallow their prey whole. They are a diurnal species, foraging in family groups or pairs except during the nesting period. They forage for small creatures by picking them off the bark of trees and shrubs.

Vocalization

Maui Alauahio: Male gives two songs. Their common song is a variable, ascending "ch-k-chewy-k-wee k-chewy-k-wee k-chewy-k-wee-k" or "k-weedy k-weedy k-weedy k-weeet". Their whisper song is complex, long, quiet and continuous, and usually includes chip calls.

Similar Species

Maui Alauahio: Hawai Amakihi has dark line through eye and larger, decurved bill, Japanese White-eye has white eyering.

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X