Bushtit

Psaltriparus minimus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Bushtit (Aegithalidae)

Code 4

BUSH

Code 6

PSAMIN

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Bushtit is a terrestrial bird that is native to the United States, Guatemala, Mexico and Canada. The range of this bird species is more than 2 million square kilometers. The global population of the Bushtit is estimated to be about 4.5 million individual birds. At the current time, the Bushtit is rated as Least Concern. This rating is downgraded from a prior Lower Risk rating in 2004. The Bushtit does not appear to face imminent danger at this time.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Bushtit: Tiny, acrobatic bird with gray-brown upperparts and paler underparts. Eyes are dark brown, bill is tiny, and tail is long. Coastal race has brown crown. Inland race has gray cap and brown ear patch. Black-eared race has black mask, ear patch. Weak fluttering flight.


Range and Habitat

Bushtit: Resident from extreme southwestern British Columbia, southern Idaho, southwestern Wyoming, and Colorado southward. Also found along the Pacific coast states and south into inland Mexico. The preferred habitats include coastal forests among second-growth alder thickets and edges of coniferous forests composed of maple, dogwood, and birch.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"tsip", "pit"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Both the male and female will incubate the eggs, sometimes even at the same time.
  • Bushtits travels in flocks of up to 60 birds until breeding season when they break off into pairs.
  • The nest is an impressive, woven, hanging basket with a hole high up on the side of the nest and a passageway to the nest chamber at the bottom. It can be up to a foot long, and is generally built of spider webs, moss, lichen, and other plant material.
  • This bird often has helpers at the nest, birds other than the parental pair that feed nestlings. All family members sleep together in the complex nest during breeding, but they leave it after the young fledge, and sleep on branches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Bushtit

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Gary Owen Dick

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Ear patchX
Consists of soft, loose-webbed feathers on the side of the bird's head below and behind the eyes.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X