Christmas Shearwater

Puffinus nativitatis

Order

PROCELLARIIFORMES

Family

Petrels and Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Code 4

CHSH

Code 6

PUFNAT

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Christmas Shearwater is a medium sized seabird that breeds on several islands in the central Pacific Ocean, including the northwestern Hawaiian Islands. It forages in pelagic waters from Bonin Island in the western Pacific to waters off the coast of Mexico in the eastern Pacific. This species is believed to have a large population and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Christmas Shearwater: This is a small to medium-sized bird with entirely black brown plumage that is slightly paler below. It has pale fringing to some of the feathers on the back and gray legs and feet. It has a short, narrow and slightly hooked black bill. In flight, alternates glides with rapid wing-beats. It feeds mainly on the larval forms of fish and squid. The sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

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Christmas Shearwater SONGS AND CALLS

Christmas Shearwater G1

Quiet, short squawks and a longer moan.

Christmas Shearwater G2

Short calls from a single bird.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Mrooah"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of petrels are collectively known as a "gallon" and a "tank" of petrels.
  • It has become locally extinct on a number of islands it formerly used as breeding grounds.
  • Its pelagic feeding, nocturnal habits, and remote breeding colonies make it one of the least studied seabirds in the Pacific Ocean.
  • The Christmas Shearwater was named after Kiritimati Island, a Pacific Ocean atoll where it nests. Kiritimati is a transliteration of the word "Christmas" in the Kiribati language.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Artist

Chris Vest

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BIRDS AND BIRDING

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X