Red Junglefowl

Gallus gallus

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys and Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

REJU

Code 6

GALGAS

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Red Junglefowl is native to woodlands and scrubby habitats in southern Asia from Nepal east to southern China and the Philippines and also occur south to Indonesia. It has also been introduced to some islands in the Pacific including most of the Hawaiian Islands where it is common in most habitats up to 6,560 feet in elevation. The chicken is the domesticated form of the Red Junglefowl and has been introduced as a domestic animal in many parts of the world. The Red Junglefowl forages for seeds and small creatures on the ground. Although wild populations are believed to be in decline in some areas due to overhunting and habitat destruction, they are common in many areas and have thus been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Red Junglefowl: This direct ancestor of the domestic chicken has golden-orange and bronze-red upperparts, red comb and wattles, blue-green, rufous, and brown-black underparts, large iridescent, green-black tail, white feather patch at tail base, and gray legs and feet. Female is dull brown-gold with pale red face and throat. Feeds on seeds, grains, and insects. Short direct flight.


Range and Habitat

Red Junglefowl: True wild populations of this species are found only on Kauai, but feral birds are also found on the islands of Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and Hawaii. These birds are native to Southern Asia and India. Its preferred habitats include forests, scrubland, and field edges, from sea level up to 6,560'.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"cock-a-doodle-doo"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Red Junglefowl is believed to be the ancestor of the domestic chicken. They were being domesticated in India as early as 3200 BC.
  • In Europe they were originally used for religous rituals and cockfighting, meat and egg use came later.
  • They have distinct calls for ground and aerial predators.
  • A group of chickens has many collective nouns, including a "brood", "clutch", "peep", "flock", and a "run" of chickens.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Red Junglefowl

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CombX
Only found in male birds and consists of a colored area over the eye. A well developed comb can also signal (sexual) health to a potential mate.

FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X