Gray Francolin

Francolinus pondicerianus

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys and Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

GRAF

Code 6

FRAPON

ITIS

  • wgba_banner
  • ibird_banner
  • journal_banner
1 2 3

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2014 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Gray Francolin is a native, non-migratory resident of Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Iran. It has also been successfully introduced to a few islands in the Indian Ocean, Bahrain, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and the main Hawaiian Islands. This species occurs in scrubby habitats and other open areas throughout its range and feeds on seeds and invertebrates. It has been domesticated in Pakistan and northern India. The Gray Francolin is fairly common in many parts of its large range, is not in decline, and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Gray Francolin: Medium-sized bird; introduced to Hawaii in 1958. It is buff-brown overall with barring, finer on the underparts and heavier on the upperparts. It has a brown crown and nape, buff to orange-brown face and cheeks and a buff throat with a thin black border. It eats seeds, grains and insects. Flight is swift and direct, attained by rapid vibrating wing strokes. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat

Gray Francolin: This bird is found on all the main Hawaiian Islands. Its preferred habitats include savannas and shrubland, though it may also be seen in coastal kiawe forests, golf courses, and roadsides. Occurs from sea level up to 3,280'. Native to Iran, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

whatbird search for your browser

SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"chech-check", "kila, kila, kila", "khirr-khirr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Erckel, Black, and Gray Francolins were all imported and released in several states during the 1950s and 1960s. The mainland populations did not survive, while all three francolin species thrived in Hawaii.
  • Teetar is the word for bird in Urdu and other related languages. They are often domesticated and used for cock-fighting.
  • A group of pheasants has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "brace", "plume", "plump", and "trip" of pheasants.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Gray Francolin

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

.
UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X