Erckel's Francolin

Francolinus erckelii

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

ERFR

Code 6

FRAERC

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

ask community
Copyright © 2004 - 2018 Mitch Waite Group

PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

Erckel’s Francolin is a native, non-migratory resident of Ethiopia, Eritrea and a small area in Northern Sudan. It has also been successfully introduced to parts of Italy and the Hawaiian Islands of Lanai, Kauai, Oahu and Hawaii. Throughout its range, this terrestrial species occurs in grasslands and brushy habitats where it feeds on seeds and invertebrates. Although it has a fairly limited distribution and its population size is unknown, this species is common in many parts of its range and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

System.Net.WebException: The remote server returned an error: (404) Not Found. at System.Net.HttpWebRequest.GetResponse() at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

System.Net.WebException: The remote server returned an error: (404) Not Found. at System.Net.HttpWebRequest.GetResponse() at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

System.Net.WebException: The remote server returned an error: (404) Not Found. at System.Net.HttpWebRequest.GetResponse() at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

SUMMARY

Overview

Erckel's Francolin: This partridge was introduced to Hawaii in 1957. It is gray-brown overall with heavy streaks. It has a chestnut cap, black eye stripe and forehead, gray cheeks and light buff to white throat. The back is gray and the tail and wings have fine brown bars. It has a black bill and yellow-gray legs and feet. Diet consists mainly of seeds. Flight is low and fast. Sexes are alike.

 

Range and Habitat

Erckel's Francolin: A native, non-migratory resident of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and a small area in Northern Sudan. Also successfully introduced to parts of Italy and the Hawaiian Islands of Lanai, Kauai, Oahu, and Hawaii. Throughout its range, this terrestrial species occurs in grasslands and brushy habitats. Prefers grasslands, scrub and brush.

whatbird search for your browser

Erckel's Francolin SONGS AND CALLS

Erckel's Francolin A1

Call is a barking "cak-cak-cak".

Erckel's Francolin A2

Crow is a series of cackling notes that fall in pitch.

Similar Sounding

Black Francolin 1

Metallic click followed by a series of crowing notes.


Voice Text

"Kri-kri-kri-kri-wa-wa-wa-wa", "cak-cak-cak"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Erckel's Francolin was first described in 1835 by the German naturalist Wilhelm Ruepell.
  • It is adapted for running, and will usually run for cover rather than fly away when startled.
  • A group of pheasants has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "brace", "plume", "plump", and "trip" of pheasants.
  • Erckel, Black, and Gray Francolins were all imported and released in several states during the 1950s and 1960s. The mainland populations did not survive, while all three francolin species thrived in Hawaii.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

System.Net.WebException: The remote server returned an error: (404) Not Found. at System.Net.HttpWebRequest.GetResponse() at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BACKYARD BIRDING

System.Net.WebException: The remote server returned an error: (404) Not Found. at System.Net.HttpWebRequest.GetResponse() at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)

BIRDS AND BIRDING

System.Net.WebException: The remote server returned an error: (404) Not Found. at System.Net.HttpWebRequest.GetResponse() at MWG.RSS.RSSChannel.GetChannel(String Url) at MWG.Controls.RSSWebControl.Render(HtmlTextWriter output)
.
CapX
The area on top of the head of the bird.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X