Oahu Amakihi

Hemignathus flavus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

OAAM

Code 6

HEMFLS

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Oahu Amakihi is restricted to the two main mountain ranges on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. In the Waianae Mountains it is uncommon and mostly found above 2,000 feet in elevation. It is more common in the southern and central Koolau Mountains where it sometimes ranges down to 200 feet above sea level. It forages for insects by scraping off the bark of trees and feeds on nectar in native forests and non-native woodlands. Most common in native, wet forests, the Oahu Amakihi is believed to have a population of 20,000-60,000 individuals and has been given a conservation rating of Vulnerable by the IUCN. It is threatened by introduced predators and ungulates, and by avian malaria.

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Oahu Amakihi: This small honeycreeper has yellow-green upperparts, yellow throat, breast, and belly, black lores, decurved gray bill and gray legs and feet. Females are gray-green above and yellow-white below with two pale wing-bars. Diet includes nectar, insects and spiders. Strong and direct flight in canopy, may undulate over long distances.

 

Range and Habitat

Oahu Amakihi: This species is endemic only to the Hawaiian island of Oahu. It is found in wet, high elevation forests, and also in drier habitats in the Wai'anae Mountain Range. This bird can be found in both native forests and also in lower elevation forests, which largely consist of introduced plant species.

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Oahu Amakihi SONGS AND CALLS

Oahu Amakihi D1

"Tseet" and buzzy calls.

Oahu Amakihi D2

Song is a series of short trills.

Similar Sounding

Hawaii Amakihi 4

Song is a series of trills.

Kauai Amakihi 2

Song is a flat trill, sometimes the first note is higher.


Voice Text

"Chee", "tswe-et", "chip"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • Despite living on the most populated Hawaiian island and being locally common, it has been lightly studied and its habits are not well known.
  • The Hawaiian name Amakihi is derived from the word kihi or kihikihi, meaning curved.
  • They were once considered a subspecies of the Common Amakihi but are endemic to Oahu and are now considered a full species.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X