White-rumped Shama

Copsychus malabaricus

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Old World Flycatchers (Muscicapidae)

Code 4

WRSH

Code 6

COPMAL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The White-rumped Shama is native to forested habitats in much of southern Asia. It has also been introduced to Taiwan and the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Kauai. This species forages for insects in the understory of bamboo groves and both dry and wet forests from seal level to 4,000 feet in elevation. Although it has declined in some areas due to habitat destruction and its popularity in the cagebird trade, the White-rumped Shama is common in many areas, including Oahu and Kauai, and has been given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

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PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

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BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

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SUMMARY

Overview

White-rumped Shama: Native to Southeast Asia, this bird has a glossy blue-black head, nape, back and upperbreast. It has black wings and tail, white rump and outer tail feathers, rufous belly and lower breast, a black bill and pink legs and feet. Long tail enables it to change directions quickly in the dense underbrush it prefers. Feeds on insects, earthworms and fruit. Sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

White-rumped Shama: Introduced to Kauai in 1931, Oahu in 1940 and Maui in the late 1900s in an effort to supplement the native fauna. They also occur on Molokai and Lanai. They are commonly found in valley forests and on the ridges of the southern Ko'olaus. Indigenous to Southeast Asia, India, and some Indonesian Islands.

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White-rumped Shama SONGS AND CALLS

White-rumped Shama 3

"Tck" calls often given at end of a long phrase or as an alarm.

White-rumped Shama 5

Song is loud and melodious; known to mimic other birds.

Similar Sounding

Hwamei D1

Varied song includes whistles and imitations.

Northern Mockingbird 3

Song is a series of musical and grating phrases.


Voice Text

"Tck"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The White-rumped Shama is also called Shama Thrush or White-rumped Shama Thrush because it was formerly placed in the Thrush family, Turdidae.
  • One of the first recordings ever made of birdsong was of this species. Ludwig Koch of Germany recorded a captive bird in 1889 using an Edison wax cylinder.
  • They are very territorial, and males with longer tails may have larger territories.
  • A group of flycatchers has many collective nouns, including an "outfield", "swatting", "zapper", and "zipper" of flycatchers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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BACKYARD BIRDING

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BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Outer tail feathersX
The tail feathers farthest from the center.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X