Red-billed Leiothrix

Leiothrix lutea

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Sylviid Warblers (Sylviidae)

Code 4

RBLE

Code 6

LEILUT

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Red-billed Leiothrix is native to the Himalayan foothills of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, southern China and northern Indochina. It occurs in forested habitats from sea level to 7,500 feet. It has also been successfully introduced to Japan and the Hawaiian Islands. It is resident on most of the Hawaiian Islands although it may no longer occur on Kauai and is most common on Oahu. The Red-billed Leiothrix gleans insects and fruits from lower parts of forested habitats. Although some populations are believed to be in decline due to habitat destruction and capture for the cagebird trade, this species is common in many areas and is given a conservation rating of Least Concern by the IUCN.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Red-billed Leiothrix: Native to southeast Asia. The crown, nape and back are olive-green; the lores, eye ring, and supraloral stripe are cream to dull yellow. Bright yellow-orange throat, yellow chin, pale yellow underparts, and olive-brown wings with a yellow-orange patch. It has a red bill and pink legs and feet. It feeds on fruit, seeds and insects. Sexes are similar.

 

Range and Habitat

Red-billed Leiothrix: Introduced to Kauai in 1918, to other islands in the 1920s-1930s. May no longer exist on Kauai, populations fluctuate on other islands. Found in native and exotic forests from ocean level to mountain tops. Native to Southeast Asia, Himalayan region of India, and southern China.

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Red-billed Leiothrix SONGS AND CALLS

Red-billed Leiothrix 1

Alarm chatter is harsh and repetitive.

Red-billed Leiothrix 2

"Chip" calls given while foraging.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Pu pu pu pu", "pe pe pe pa"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Red-billed Leiothrix is also known as the Pekin Nightingale, Pekin Robin, Chinese Nightingale, and Japanese Hill Robin.
  • They prefer areas that receive at least 40 inches of rainfall a year.
  • They were imported to Hawaii in 1911 and purposefully released into the wild in 1918.
  • A group of babblers are collectively known as a "tower" and a "brook" of babblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Michael Oberhofer

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X