Palila

Loxioides bailleui

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

PALI

Code 6

LOXBAI

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Endangered

The Palila is restricted to the western slope of Mauna Kea on the island of Hawaii. It only occurs in mamane and mamane-naio forests between 6,000 and 9,000 feet in elevation and is highly dependent on mamane trees for food. The Palila mostly feeds on mamane seeds as well as their buds and flowers. They also take some insects and berries from naio trees. They have a very low reproductive rate and forgo nesting during droughts that reduce the availability of mamane seeds. The Palila is believed to have a population of just 250-999 individuals and is in decline due to damage caused to mamane forests by several introduced species. The regeneration of mamane forests is also affected by introduced species and fires. Events such as droughts and storms can also have big effects on the already small population of this species. The IUCN has given the Palila a conservation rating of Critically Endangered.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Palila: This large finch-billed honeycreeper is endemic to Hawaii. It has a yellow head with black lores separated from a gray back by a distinct line. It has a yellow breast, white belly, gray back, olive-green wings and tail and black legs and feet. The females are more subdued in color. Feeds primarily on seeds. Strong, bouncy flight with steady wing beats.

 

Range and Habitat

Palila: This species has a very limited range, which is currently restricted to the upper slopes of Mauna Kea on the island of Hawaii. The west-facing slope of Mauna Kea contains the majority of the population. These birds live in mamane-naio forests between the elevations of 6,000 and 9,000 feet above sea level.

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Palila SONGS AND CALLS

Palila D1

Call is a warbled collection of notes, which may sound like "pa-li-la".

Palila D2

Typical song consists of whistles and calls. May also have warbles and trills.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Palila"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • In 1998 the Palila became the first animal to have a 9th district federal case cited in its name, Palila v. Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources.
  • The toxic seeds of the Mamane tree make up most of their diet. How they are unaffected by the poison is not yet known.
  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.
  • They are also often called Hawaiian Finches, a name that while old now more closely reflects their recent classification as Fringilidae by the AOU.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X