Laysan Finch

Telespiza cantans

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

LAFI

Code 6

TELCAN

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Laysan Finch is only found on Laysan Island and the adjacent Pearl and Hermes Atolls in the state of Hawaii. It feeds on insects, seeds, roots, flowers, fruits, and stems of the plants that occur on its island habitat. There are believed to be anywhere between 5,000 and 20,000 Laysan Finches. Although the entire distribution of this species falls within protected areas of the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge, its extremely limited range makes it vulnerable to storm and draught events and the accidental introduction of non-native species. For these reasons, the IUCN has given it a conservation rating of Vulnerable.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Laysan Finch: Large, curious Hawaiian honeycreeper. Bright yellow head, neck, breast. Neck has a gray collar, belly is white. Olive back may show narrow brown streaks. Lower back, rump are gray, wings are olive to brown. Large, gray bill, black legs and feet. Prefers to run or hop along the ground.

 

Range and Habitat

Laysan Finch: Native to Laysan Island. Endemic and a year-round resident to Laysan Island. In the 1960s, 108 were captured and released on the Pearl and Hermes Atoll, where a population still lives. They inhabit subtropical and tropical lowland, dry shrub-land and grassland, sand dunes around the coastline, and a brackish lagoon in the center of the island.

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Laysan Finch SONGS AND CALLS

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"pee-o-wheet"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The song of the Laysan Finch has been described as "canary-like", for this reason it is sometimes called the Laysan Canary.
  • They are also often called Hawaiian Finches, a name that while old now more closely reflects their recent classification as Fringilidae by the AOU.
  • Rabbits were introduced to Laysan Island in 1903, they devoured the vegetation causing the numbers of this bird to drop to around 100; other endemic species became extinct. These birds survived the lean times by eating eggs and dead birds.
  • A group of honeycreepers are collectively known as a "hive" of honeycreepers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
RumpX
The area between the uppertail coverts and the back of the bird.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X