Akohekohe

Palmeria dolei

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline & Cardueline Finches (Fringillidae)

Code 4

AKOH

Code 6

PALDOL

ITIS

Egg Color:

Gray with brown spots or streaks.



Number of Eggs:

1 - 2



Incubation Days:

17



Egg Incubator:

Female



Nest Location:

Nests exclusively in the ohia tree.



Nest Material:

Sticks, twigs, moss, and lichen.



Migration:

Nonmigratory



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General

Akohekohe: Medium honeycreeper, primarily black with a white or gray crested forehead. Orange eye ring extends to an orange-red nape. Breast and throat feathers are gray-tipped; orange-tipped feathers scattered over rest of the body. Wings and tail have white edges. Sexes are similar in color pattern and plumage, but distinctive by wing measurement. Also in breeding season females develop a brood patch and males develop cloaca protuberance. Juveniles lack the crest and colorful plumage and are gray-brown overall.

Range and Habitat

Akohekohe: Limited range; endemic only to the island of Maui. Commonly found in moist forests on the east slopes of Haleakala at elevations from 5,500' to 7,000'. Formerly found on West Maui and Molokai. This bird is decreasing in population; it is estimated that there are 3,700 individuals remaining.

Breeding and Nesting

Akohekohe: They nest exclusively in the ohia tree. The female builds a cup-shaped nest of twigs and lays one or two gray eggs with brown spots and streaks. They nest twice seasonally from November to June, and have a relatively high success rate. Incubation is carried out by the female for 17 days. Both parents feed the chicks, which fledge at around 21 days.

Foraging and Feeding

Akohekohe: These birds feed mostly on the nectar of Ohia trees; a single tree provides several hundred inflorescences during peak bloom, offering a rich supply of nectar. When the flowers are limited it will eat insects, fruit and nectar from other plants and even forage in the understory. They forage by hopping or running from tree to tree instead of flying.

Vocalization

Akohekohe: The song varies between a low chuckling "tjook tjook chouroup" to a "hur-hur-hur-gluk-gluk-gluk". The calls are a whistled "whee-o, wheeo" and a descending "tchew" which is often repeated.

Similar Species

Akohekohe: Not likely to be confused with any other species.

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BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CloacaX
Birds do not have two separate cavities for excrement and reproduction like humans do. In birds, there is one entrance/exit that suits both functions. It is also called anus or vent.
CrestX
Tufts of feathers on the head of the bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
NapeX
Also called the hindneck or collar, it is the back of the neck where the head joins the body.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X