Java Sparrow

Padda oryzivora

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Estrildid Finches (Estrildidae)

Code 4

JASP

Code 6

PADORY

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Vulnerable

The Java Sparrow has a very small range, endemic only to a few Indonesian islands and maintaining very small feral populations in Fiji, Malaysia, the Philippines, and the Hawaiian Islands. This bird prefers habitats such as Dry Savannas, Subtropical or Tropical Dry Grasslands and Shrublands, though it is also known to reside in rural gardens and urban areas. The population of the bird has not been fully quantified, but a recent search of 17 known locations turned up only just over 100 birds, suggesting a significant decrease. For this reason, The Java Sparrow has an evaluation level of Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Java Sparrow: This largest member of the Estrildid family has gray upperparts and breast, brown-gray to pink belly, and white under tail coverts. It has a black head with a large white cheek patch, narrow red eye ring, thick conical pink bill, black tail and pink legs and feet. It mostly feeds on rice; also eats small seeds and insects. Fast flight on rapidly beating wings. Sexes are similar.


Range and Habitat

Java Sparrow: Originally native to Java and Bali in Indonesia, and possibly Madura, this sparrow has been introduced and is established in many parts of the world, from Asia to Australia, Africa and North America. Inhabits open woodlands, often bordering cultivated areas, and is also found in mangroves, grassland, towns and villages, and in both coastal and inland areas.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"t'lik", "ch'lik", "pik-pik-pik", "GRRRRRRRR!"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Java Sparrow is also known as Java Finch, Java Rice Bird, and Paddy Bird.
  • It is a popular cage bird, and has been introduced in many countries. It is considered a serious agricultural pest of rice.
  • It was previously classified with other estrildid finches in the old world family of sparrows, Passeridae. In 2008 the estrildid finches were given their own family, Estrildidae.
  • A group of finches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "company", and "trembling" of finches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Java Sparrow

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
Tail covertsX
The short tail feathers covering the base of the long tail feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X