Hawaiian Hawk

Buteo solitarius

Order

FALCONIFORMES

Family

Kites, Eagles and Hawks (Accipitridae)

Code 4

HAWH

Code 6

BUTSOL

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Hawaiian Hawk has a very small range, confined only to four islands of Hawaii and breeding only on the island of Hawaii itself. The bird is native to the Hawaiian Islands. It prefers ecological systems of Subtropical or Tropical Forest or arable or plantation land. The population of the bird is estimated at between 1,600 to 2,700 birds, which is remaining steady despite a very limited range. The Hawaiian Hawk currently holds a status of Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List due to the range and size of the population, but the steady population means that the bird does not have need for a more protected status at present.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Hawaiian Hawk: Two color morphs exist. The light morph is dark brown above, cream below with brown flecks on upper breast, and the dark morph is dark-brown overall with variably gray and brown tinge along underparts. It has a black bill with yellow cere and pale yellow legs and feet. Diet includes rodents and small birds. Flap-and-glide flight with some soaring. The female is larger in size.

 

Range and Habitat

Hawaiian Hawk: Endemic to the island of Hawai'i, although vagrants occasionally wander to Maui, O'ahu, and Kaua'i. Regularly seen near volcanoes, and along the Hamakua Coast. Found in a wide variety of habitats, from exotic forest and pastureland in the lowlands to native forest as high as 8,900 feet in elevation.

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Hawaiian Hawk SONGS AND CALLS

Hawaiian Hawk D1

High-pitched "zee" juvenile calls.

Hawaiian Hawk D2

Calls from a pair.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"Eeeee-oh", "keeee-up"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Hawaiian Hawk, or 'Io, is the only hawk native to Hawaii.
  • It is a royal symbol in Hawaiian legend, the palace in Honolulu of the Hawaiian monarchy was called 'Iolani', meaning Exalted Hawk.
  • Illegal shooting and the disturbance of nesting birds are the biggest threats facing this bird.
  • A group of hawks has many collective nouns, including a "boil", "knot", "spiraling", "stream", and "tower" of hawks.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Crystal Adams

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CereX
Also called the operculum, it is a smooth and featherless patch of skin located where the beak attaches to the forehead.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X