Black Francolin

Francolinus francolinus

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, Old World Quail (Phasianidae)

Code 4

BLFR

Code 6

FRAFRA

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Black Francolin has a large range of three million square kilometers. This includes dense riverine and scrubby habitats in its native range of southwestern and central Asia. It has also been introduced to Hawaii where it occurs in grasslands and agricultural habitats. Introduced populations in Guam and the southern United States appear to have died out in the 1980s. Although the population of this species has not been estimated, it is believed to be large and stable enough to warrant a conservation rating of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Black Francolin: The male has a black head and breast flanks with white spots, rufous collar and belly, a brown crown and white cheek patches. The legs and feet are orange. The female is similar but dull, with no cheek patch, and the collar is replaced with a nuchal patch; head and underparts are buff where the male shows black. It eats plants and insects. It has a short direct flight.

 

Range and Habitat

Black Francolin: Found in southern Asia from the Middle East, to India. Historically also found in southern Europe, but extirpated from there by over hunting and habitat destruction. Inhabits thick vegetation, brushy areas and tall grasslands; generally near water, and “mosaic” areas where forests and cultivated lands meet.

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Black Francolin SONGS AND CALLS

Black Francolin I1

Male song is a raspy, repeated "gek-ge-gek".

Similar Sounding

Erckel's Frankolin 2

Crow is a series of cackling notes that fall in pitch.


Voice Text

"Kik-kik-kik", " kwee-kweeeee-kwee"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Erckel, Black, and Gray Francolins were all imported and released in several states during the 1950s and 1960s. The mainland populations did not survive, while all three francolin species thrived in Hawaii.
  • It was formerly known as the Black Partridge.
  • The Black Francolin is the state bird of Haryana, a state in northern India.
  • A group of pheasants has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "brace", "plume", "plump", and "trip" of pheasants.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

RANGE MAP HAWAII

About this Hawaii Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across the Hawaiian island.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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UnderpartsX

Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.

BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
CollarX
Similar to the upper part of the human neck, located at the back of the crown.
CrownX
The crown is the top part of the birds head.
ChestX
Also called the breast area, it is the frontal area on the body containing the breastplate and major flight muscles.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X