White Ibis

Eudocimus albus

Order

CICONIIFORMES

Family

Ibises and Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae)

Code 4

WHIB

Code 6

EUDALB

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The White Ibis is a coastal bird species with pink skin on the face, bill and legs that turns scarlet during breeding seasons. This species flies in a straight line formation, and roosts in high trees and bushes at night. The preferred habitat of the White Ibis is coastal salt marshes, swamps and mangroves. It may be found on the Gulf Coast, mid-Atlantic coast and Mexican coast. These birds have been found as far north as Virginia, New Jersey, and the Midwest and southwest regions of the United States. The conservation rating of the White Ibis is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

White Ibis: This coastal species is white overall with pink facial skin, bill, and legs that turn scarlet during breeding season. Black tips on the primary feathers are only seen in flight. Flies in straight line formation with neck and legs outstretched, roosts high in trees and bushes at night.


Range and Habitat

White Ibis: Prefers coastal salt marshes, swamps, and mangroves. Found along the Gulf Coast, mid-Atlantic coast, and the western coast of Mexico, including the Baja Peninsula. Has become common in some city parks. Breeds as far north as Virginia and may occur casually as far north as New Jersey, the mid-west and Southwest.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"hunk-hunk-hunk-hunk"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • Around their colonies, ibises eat crabs and crayfish, which in turn devour quantities of fish eggs. By keeping down the numbers of crayfish, the birds help increase fish populations.
  • The main conservation concerns for white ibis are hunting and habitat loss. Birds and eggs are hunted for food. When the colony is disturbed by hunting, adults will leave their nests and the young may die.
  • When feeding, White Ibis often give a soft, grunting croo, croo, croo as they forage. They may fly up to 15 miles a day in search of food.
  • A group of ibises has many collective nouns, including a "congregation", "stand", and "wedge" of ibises.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for White Ibis

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Jane Wright

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X