Tropical Parula

Setophaga pitiayumi

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Wood-Warblers (Parulidae)

Code 4

TRPA

Code 6

SETPIT

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Tropical Parula has a large range, estimated globally at 8,400,000 square kilometers. Native to the United States and Mexico, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical shrubland, grassland, or forest ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 5,000,000 to 50,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Tropical Parula is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Tropical Parula: Small warbler with blue-gray upperparts, black mask, yellow chin, throat, breast, and upper belly with a diffused orange breast band, white lower belly, undertail coverts. Blue-gray wings have white bars. Lack of a white eye ring and dark mask set it apart from the Northern Parula.


Range and Habitat

Tropical Parula: Breeds from southernmost Texas and northwest Mexico south through Central America to northern Argentina, including Trinidad and Tobago. This widespread and common species is not considered threatened by the IUCN. Prefers thick riparian woods abundant in Spanish moss, and pre-montane forests.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"zeeeeeeee-yip", "zzzzzzzirrrrrrrrrrr"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Tropical Parula has occasionally been lumped with the closely related Northern Parula as a single species.
  • During a period in the 1960s it apparently did not nest north of the U.S.-Mexico border at all, but now a few pairs breed in certain tracts of river-bottom woods.
  • This species has become quite scarce along the Rio Grande, the only part of the United States in which it nests, due to parasitism by cowbirds, the disappearance of Spanish moss, and the use of pesticides.
  • A group of warblers has many collective nouns, including a "bouquet", "confusion", "fall", and "wrench" of warblers.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Tropical Parula

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Jane Wright

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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Undertail covertsX
Small feathers that cover the areas where the retrices (tail feathers) attach to the rump.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
BellyX
The ventral part of the bird, or the area between the flanks on each side and the crissum and breast. Flight muscles are located between the belly and the breast.
BreastX
The upper front part of a bird.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
Eye ringX
The circle around the eye formed of feathers that are a different color from the rest of the face.
RiparianX
Relating to or living or located on the bank of a natural watercourse (as a river) or sometimes of a lake or a tidewater. 
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X