Hawfinch

Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Order

PASSERIFORMES

Family

Fringilline and Cardueline Finches and Allies (Fringillidae)

Code 4

HAWF

Code 6

COCCOT

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Hawfinch has a large range, estimated globally at 1,000,000 to 10,000,000 square kilometers. Native to Europe and Asia, this bird prefers temperate forests but has been spotted living in both rural gardens and urban areas. The global population of this bird is estimated at 4,800,000 to 8,300,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Hawfinch is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Hawfinch: Stocky finch with a huge blue-gray conical bill that turns yellow in winter. Yellow-buff head, black chin, throat and mask, pink-buff underparts, dark red- brown upperparts, gray neck and white tipped brown tail. Eats large tree seeds, also eats fruits and insects. Swift bounding flight.


Range and Habitat

Hawfinch: Native of Europe and Asia. Mostly restricted to England in the UK, and have declined in many areas. Parts of western England near the Welsh Borders, the Home Counties and the south-east from Hampshire to Kent remain the most likely places to find them. Move south in the winter. Accidental in Alaska during the spring. Prefers deciduous or mixed forests and parkland.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"ptik", "chick", "tick"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • As the closest living relatives of the Hawfinch are the Evening and the Hooded Grosbeak, it is sometimes called the European Grosbeak.
  • They have an unexplained habit of breeding in the same locality before disappearing and then returning after a few years. Such erratic behaviour results in few conclusions about population trends.
  • Their shy and retiring habits and lack of conspicuous song make it possible for people to live for years without discovering the presence of hawfinches.
  • A group of finches has many collective nouns, including a "charm", "company", and "trembling" of finches.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Hawfinch

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Jane Wright

Artist

Samira Belous

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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UnderpartsX
Belly, undertail coverts, chest, flanks, and foreneck.
UpperpartsX
Back, rump, hindneck, wings, and crown.
ChinX
The area of the face just below the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X