Northern Bobwhite

Colinus virginianus

Order

GALLIFORMES

Family

New World Quail (Odontophoridae)

Code 4

NOBO

Code 6

COLVIR

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Northern Bobwhite has a large range, including Cuba and much of Eastern North America. Native to North America, Cuba, and Guatemala but introduced to parts of Asia and Europe, this bird prefers grassland, forest, and shrubland ecosystems. The global population of this bird has not been precisely determined but shows significant signs of decline that necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Northern Bobwhite is Near Threatened.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Northern Bobwhite: Medium, morphologically variable quail, most with unique head pattern of white face and throat, dark eyestripe, rufous-brown (eastern and Great Plains) or black (Florida) center stripe on top of head. Body shows a mottled combination of black, brown, rufous-brown, and gray.

 

Range and Habitat

Northern Bobwhite: Occur from southeastern Ontario to Central America. Highest population densities are reached in the eastern United States and Mexico. Can also be found throughout Cuba. Disjunct populations exist in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and northwestern Mexico. Found in a variety of forested and agricultural habitats.

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Northern Bobwhite SONGS AND CALLS

Northern Bobwhite A1

Calls from a female.

Northern Bobwhite A2

Territorial call is a repeated "bob-white".

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"bob-WHITE", "pup-WAAAYK", "hoy", "hoy-poo", "koi-lee", "quaeek"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Northern Bobwhite is the official game bird of Tennessee, Georgia, and Washington.
  • It is divided into 22 different subspecies. Females show little variation among the different forms, but the males can vary dramatically.
  • The name "bobwhite" derives from its characteristic whistling call.
  • A group of bobwhites are collectively known as a "bevy", "covey", and "name dropping" of bobwhites.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Ashli Maruster

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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FaceX
The front part of the head consisting of the bill, eyes, cheeks and chin.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X