Neotropic Cormorant

Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Order

PELECANIFORMES

Family

Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae)

Code 4

NECO

Code 6

PHABRA

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Neotropic Cormorant has a large range, estimated globally at 18,000,000 square kilometers. Native to the Americas and nearby island nations, this bird prefers wetland and marine ecosystems. The global population of this bird is estimated at 2,000,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. For this reason, the current evaluation status of the Neotropic Cormorant is Least Concern.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Neotropic Cormorant: Small, long-tailed cormorant. Black upper and lowerparts may show blue gloss. Long hooked yellow-gray bill with yellow "v" shaped gular pouch edged in white. Legs and feet are black. Feeds on fish, crustaceans and amphibians. Flies low over water with strong rapid wing beats.


Range and Habitat

Neotropic Cormorant: Fairly common in U.S. range. Found primarily in Louisiana, Texas, and along the Rio Grande valley into New Mexico, but may also occur in California, Arizona, and Oklahoma. Also found throughout much of Mexico and Cuba. Inhabits saltwater bays and inlets, and freshwater lakes and ponds.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"r'rauh", "ruuh'aah"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The northern populations are often called Mexican or Olivaceous Cormorants, and many authors treat these as a separate species, P. olivaceus.
  • Those who say the entire population is a single species treat the northern birds as a subspecies Phalacrocorax brasilianus mexicanus and the southern birds as subspecies P. b. brasilianus.
  • Unlike other cormorants, the Neotropic Cormorant can often be seen perching on wires.
  • A group of cormorants has many collective nouns, including a "flight", "gulp", "rookery", "sunning", and "swim" of cormorants.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Neotropic Cormorant

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Ashli Maruster

Artist

Irina Rud-Volga

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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GularX
The area between the chin and the foreneck.
PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
PlumesX
Large, conspicuous, showy feathers.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X