Yellow-footed Gull

Larus livens

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Code 4

YFGU

Code 6

LARLIV

ITIS

ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Least Concern

The Yellow-footed Gull has a somewhat limited range reaching up to roughly 16,000 square kilometers. This bird can be found in Mexico and the United States. This bird appears in marine environments such as intertidal areas, beaches, sand bars, sea cliffs and coastal freshwater lakes. The global population of this bird is estimated to be around 60,000 and 600,000 individual birds. It is not believed that the population trends for this species will soon approach the minimum levels that could suggest a potential decline in population. Due to this, population trends for the Yellow-footed Gull have a present evaluation level of Least Concern.

SUMMARY

Overview

Yellow-footed Gull: Large, dark-backed, white gull with distinctive yellow legs. Bulbous bill is yellow, red spot near tip of lower mandible. Upper wings are dark gray with white spots near tips, white trailing edges. Strong, direct flight with deep, steady wing beats. Rides thermals and updrafts.

 

Range and Habitat

Yellow-footed Gull: This species is endemic to the shores and marine waters of the Gulf of California in northwestern Mexico. In its non-breeding season, individuals wander north to the Salton Sea in southern California and also the Pacific Coast of the Baja Peninsula. Preferred habitats include sandy and rocky islands.

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Yellow-footed Gull SONGS AND CALLS

Yellow-footed Gull C1

Short "keow" calls given in flight.

Yellow-footed Gull A1

Short calls given by adults before and after take off.

Similar Sounding


Voice Text

"quock, kuck, kuck, kuck"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Yellow-footed Gull was first described in 1919 by Jonathan Dwight, an American ornithologist.
  • It was closely related to the Western Gull and thought to be a subspecies until the 1960s.
  • Their status as a Gulf of California endemic has made it the focus of conservation efforts, as its population is smaller than that of any other North American gull.
  • A group of gulls has many collective nouns, including a "flotilla", "gullery", "screech", "scavenging", and "squabble" of gulls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP NORTH AMERICA

About this North America Map

This map shows how this species is distributed across North America.

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

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Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X