Ivory Gull

Pagophila eburnea

Order

CHARADRIIFORMES

Family

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers (Laridae)

Code 4

IVGU

Code 6

PAGEBU

ITIS

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ILLUSTRATION

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PHOTOS

CONSERVATION STATUS

Near Threatened

The Ivory Gull is rated at Near Threatened at this time. In certain portions of this bird's range the population has declined at a rapid rate over the last few years. Reasons leading to population decline of the Ivory Gull include pollution, climate change and hunting. This bird breeds in the area between Greenland and Canada. The population of this bird is thought to have declined by 80% in its native breeding range. The Ivory Gull has also completely disappeared in thirteen known breeding sites as well as three other suspected breeding sites.

IBIRD EXPLORER GENERAL

PHOTO SHARING AND DISCUSSION

BIRD PHOTOGRAPHY

SUMMARY

Overview

Ivory Gull: A pure white gull whose entire life is restricted to the edge of the floating pack ice. Legs dark, bill dusky with yellow tip. It eats fish, insects, lemmings and crustaceans, and is also an active scavenger. Bouyant, graceful flight. Often flies with feet trailing and dangling below.


Range and Habitat

Ivory Gull: Nearly always associated with drifting pack ice in the very northern reaches of the arctic. Circumpolar and found in Siberia, Canada, Greenland, and other high artic land masses. Breeds on the coasts of Greenland and surrounding islands. Pelagic, wintering on the open Arctic Ocean from Alaska and Newfoundland and Labrador north.

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SONGS AND CALLS

Voice Text

"keear"

INTERESTING FACTS

  • The Ivory Gull casts up pellets of indigestible matter from its food, such as bones and fur. Pellet-casting is most frequent where lemmings are abundant and are the major prey.
  • It has been known to follow polar bears and other predators to feed on the remains of their kills.
  • Large nests are eaten by caribou during the winter and early spring.
  • A group of gulls has many collective nouns, including a "flotilla", "gullery", "screech", "scavenging", and "squabble" of gulls.

SIMILAR BIRDS

RANGE MAP

CERange Map for Ivory Gull

FAMILY DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

CREDITS

Author

David Lukas

Artist

Yury Lisyak

HELP ME IDENTIFY A BIRD

BACKYARD BIRDING

BIRDS AND BIRDING

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PelagicX
The pelagic is a type of bird whose habitat is on the open ocean rather than in a coastal region or on inland bodies of water (lakes, rivers). An example of a pelagic bird is the blacklegged kittiwake.
Lower mandibleX
The lower part of the bill.
Parts of a Standing bird X
Head Feathers and Markings X
Parts of a Flying bird X